When you seek treatment and advice for hair loss or thinning, one of the first things to be explored is thyroid or hormone problems and how they may be causing hair loss. The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate your metabolism and a thyroid condition that increases or decreases the production of these hormones, known as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, can quickly have an adverse on the body. Possible reasons for thyroid conditions include an auto-immune conditions such as Grave's disease, Hashimoto's disease, inflammation of the thyroid, exposure to excessive amounts of iodine and certain medications. How do thyroid problems cause hair loss? The hair growth cycle is split into several stages and impact on any of these stages can cause hair loss. Hormonal changes stemming from thyroid problems can cause the hair to remain in the resting phase rather than moving through to the growth phase. This type of hair loss is different to male or female pattern baldness where hair loss is in particular areas – with hormone-related hair loss you'll usually see a diffuse thinning of the hair all over the scalp. If your thyroid problems are a result of an auto-immune condition then you may develop other auto-immune conditions such as alopecia areata. Rather than an overall thinning of the hair, alopecia areata presents as isolated, circular shaped patches of hair loss. It can develop into significant hair loss all over the scalp. How are thyroid problems treated? The aim of any thyroid treatment is the prescription of medications that can regulate and balance your hormone levels. It may take several weeks or months to see an improvement in conditions such as hair loss. Hair transplant surgery is not required for hormone-related hair loss as it will not tackle the root cause of the problem. Topical medications such as minoxidil and finasteride, in the form of Rogaine and Propecia, can be used temporarily to improve hair density, but you should see a reversal of the hair loss problems with the use of hormone medication. While a solution to hormone-related hair loss is found for you, you may wish to explore cosmetic camouflage treatments such as scalp micropigmentation or SMP. To see if you're a suitable candidate for SMP, contact HisHair Clinic for a free consultation.