Alopecia is a medical term that simply means a partial or complete absence of hair from areas of the body where it normally grows. So it never appears, as a term, on its own. There are a range of presentations, all distinct, with a variety of triggers.
The most common, this is the form that is hereditary and affects up to 50% of all men and women by the time they reach their 40’s. For men it manifests as a receding at the temples, sometimes accompanied, sometimes followed by, a thinning at the crown. For those who end up at the extreme end of the spectrum there will be further receding of the hair around the crown, eventually leaving just the classic horseshoe ring of hair around the base of the head.
For women, it presents as a more general thinning across the top and back of the head, usually leaving the hairline intact. As in men, the condition can progress to a state of complete loss in the affected area.
This presents as circular patches of hair loss, which can be partial or total, and is usually bought on by stress. There are auto-immune conditions which can also act as a trigger.
Alopecia Telogen Effluvium
The second most common form it can affect anyone at any age. It is, in fact, a generic or umbrella term that covers a multitude of sins. Whenever the body is going through major changes, hormones can be generated which may lead to hair loss. Chemotherapy will be the most familiar, but these changes might be triggered by something as common as childbirth. Even fevers, or the sort of severe infections and illnesses that bring on a fever, can lead to increased hair loss.
The range of triggers is broad and the precise way they work, due to the complex biochemistry involved, a challenge. However, regardless of the trigger, Telogen presents in exactly the same way every time – An increase in the number of follicles stuck in the telogen phase, when the follicle is dormant or resting. This is a part of the process where understanding is becoming far more detailed and for which treatments are available.
This occurs, as the name suggests, when the hair is pulled. Its frequency is defined by the popularity of hairstyles like braids and weaves and usually presents in the area where the pulling is greatest, often along the hairline. The current popularity of hair extensions has seen a spike in demand for treatment… Caught early the sufferer can hope for an eventual return to a full head of hair, though that process can be a lengthy one.
Whatever your condition, the team at HIS Hair are here. At your consultation, following a close examination of your condition, one of our experts will take you through all your available options, helping you arrive at the right solution from our suite of products and treatments. Click here to find your nearest clinic.